Amen or Amun means to be hidden or unseen, was one of the ogdoad in Khmunu (Hermopolis). Amen was a ram headed god that was merged with the god Ra and became known as the King of the gods.
Mut is the wife of Amen and the mother of Khonsu. In the Egyptian Hieroglyph her name means mother. She is depicted wearing a white vulture as her crown. She became known as the cosmic mother that all things were derived from. His main temple of worship is at Karnak in Luxor, the city the Ancient called Waset.
Khonsu is the son of Amen and Mut. He is depicted wearing a crescent moon on his head and is associated with time. It is believed that his name means traveler.
Amenta – the underworld
Ptah – Chief deity of Men-nefer (Memphis), known as the creator god. The god of Arts and Crafts, one of his titles is the grand Architect of the universe. It is he who spoke things into existence. Known as the Noble Djed, he had no mother or father. He is the opener, the self created one.
Djed is pillar representing stability and is the backbone of Osiris. The djed was also associated with the gods Ptah, Ta-tenen, and Sokar. By the Middle Kingdom, a triad had emerged called Ptah-Sokar-Ausar (Osiris).
Ta means land or place.
Ta-tenen, a fertility god (depicted as green), is the god of the primordial hill who was merged with the god Ptah. Ta-tenen means risen or elevated land. He is also associated with djed pillar. When Ta-tenen was merged with Ptah they became known as Ptah-Ta-tenen.
Apis is the sacred bull at Memphis, the god of strength and fertility. He was known for the renewal of life of the god Ptah and the representative of him on earth. Therefore he was the mediator between Ptah (Creator god) and humans. In death he was associated with the god Ausar (Osiris) and became known as Ausar-apis i.e. Serapis.
Sokar (Seker) is a necropolis deity at Memphis, probably where the name Saqqara originates. He also was associated with Osiris, the god of the underworld. Sokar, a falcon headed god, merged with Ptah in the Old kingdom and became known as the Ptah-Sokar.
primeval waters of chaos.
Heh – One of the Ogdoad that represented formlessness and endlessness. Heh existed before the creation.
Hehet is one the Ogdoad that represented formlessness and endlessness
Amen – One of the Ogdaod and whose name means the hidden and concealed
Atum was a deity that is worshiped in Heliopolis, the city that the ancient Egyptian called Anu or Annu. His named is derived from tem, which means complete or finish. Therefore Atum is associated with the completeness of matter. He spit (gave birth to) the twins, Shu (god of the air) and Tefnut (goddess of moisture); his two first born.
Shu – god of the air
Tefnut goddess of moisture
Geb – god of the earth
Nut – goddess of the sky and the wife of Geb. She is the daughter Shu and Tefnut. Her name means the night.
Set – The older brother to Osiris, Set became the embodiment of evil. He killed his brother Osiris and chopped him up into 14 pieces. He is a representation of the desert that lies outside the fertile Nile. Set is also a storm deity. He is called Seth in Greek.
Heru is the son Ausar and Auset. His name means he who is above. His symbol is the falcon and he is associated with kingship. He is known as the god that unified the two lands. One of his titles is Herusemtaui, which means Heru the unifier of the two lands.
Maat is the god truth. Maat represents truth, order, balance, reciprocity, harmony, justice, and propriety. Her name means to measure.
Tehuti is the god wisdom of the Ancient Egypt. Tehuti who the Greeks call Thoth is the god of Writing and the Arts and Sciences. He was known to be the husband of the goddess Maat. The name Tehuti comes from Tehu, which means to measure, to weigh, to compute and ti, which means duality. The Greeks associated him with their god Hermes.
Ra, who is known as the god light, his sacred city is the city of Annu, called Heliopolis by the Greeks. Ra is the father god and comes in many forms. He is a part of the godhead called AmunRa. In the sacred city of Annu (Heliopolis) it is taught that Ra divides himself into 9 aspects or 9 neters (gods). This is called the Ennead.
Ogdoad – eight primordial deities that gave birth to Ra. The Ogdoad was sacred at the city of Khmunu. The Greeks called Khmunu, Hermopolis. Khmunu means the city of the eight and Hermopolis means the city of Hermes. The word Ogdoad also means eight.
Hermopolis, the Greek name for Egyptian city Khmunu, is one the four cosmological centers of Ancient Egypt. It was sacred to the god Tehuti and the Ogdoad.
Hieroglyphs – The sacred writings of the Ancient Egyptians that were on the walls of temples, tombs, pyramids and etc. The world hieroglyph comes from the Greek word hieroglyphs meaning sacred carvings or priestly writing.
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